THE FREDERICK NEWS POST

Gettysburg 150th Anniversary Battle of Gettysburg
Frederick duo unearths area's buried Civil War history


By Daniel J. Gross News-Post Staff 

John Barone has found hundreds of Civil War relics buried throughout the region — belt buckles, cannonballs, 

bayonets — but he doesn’t have a single favorite from the decades of digging.
“It’s the one I just unearthed,” he said. “It’s the one I just brush aside when I know I’m going to be the first person 
to see it in the last 150 years.”

A Frederick resident and retired cancer researcher for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick,
Barone has been devoted to finding Civil War artifacts alongside colleague C. Paul Martz since 1997.

The two men do as much as possible to preserve the area’s history and showcase items to spark interest.
Barone’s interest in Civil War relics and preservation began as a child when his neighbor found a 
Revolutionary War bayonet in a stream in New York. 

He began finding items professionally with Martz after the two met and realized they shared the interest.

The two formed the Civil War Artifact Preservation Association to search through private land they conclude
was once home to Civil War battlefields, hospitals, encampments or trails.
Martz, a former janitorial custodian at The Frederick News-Post and Civil War re-enactor, said shovels do not touch ground 
until they’ve acquired written permission from the landowner and agreed to patch every hole they dig.

Buttons, insignia, clasps, pistols and bullets have all been found after hours of searching properties with metal detectors and 
even more hours of researching locations before a dig, Barone said.

“It’s a matter of patience. Think of fishermen. They have an unlimited amount of patience,” 

he said. “Frederick County has a lot of sites. There were battles, troops movements and camps here. Since there’s new 
development coming, there’s a rapid need for this.”

The association will host a display booth with a collection of their findings at the annual living history reenactment 
at Rose Hill Manor Park and Museums in Frederick July 13 and 14 as part of a Civil War commemoration.




























John Baron, of the Civil War Artifact Preservation Association, 
holds a Confederate Sharps Carbine, made by S.C. Robinson Arms Manufactory, 
found at Gettysburg in 1973
A twelve pound solid cast iron shot and a smaller 4 pounded from the collection of John Baron, of the Civil War Artifact Preservation Association, both found at Gettysburg. 
New York State militia sword belt plate from the collection of John Baron, of the Civil War Artifact Preservation Association, found at Gettysburg.
The pair is continually seeking artifact donations to add to their collection and preserve history. 

Those interested are asked to call the association at 
(304) 279-5481​
E-mail: martzclarence@gmail.com 


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Digging Civil War artifacts more than hobby for re-enactor 
Originally published August 17, 2012 
​ 
​ 
​ 
By Ike Wilson 
News-Post Staff 
​ 
​ 
C. Paul Martz routinely spends entire weekends digging for Civil War artifacts he describes as buried treasure that should be appreciated and preserved. 
Since 1997, Martz, a janitorial custodian at The Frederick News-Post, has devoted his spare time to finding the objects. 
He and colleague John Barone established the Civil War Artifact Preservation Association. 
​ 
"Our mission is the recovery of artifacts and to preserve them for years to come, and for the public to see, " Martz said. 
​ 
"When I find an artifact, it is very special to me for the simple reason that I found it. It is a piece of history, and once a man like me owned it." 
​ 
Martz and Barone have collected enough remnants of the everyday soldier's life and war to fill 14 display cases in museums in Harrisburg, Pa., Shepherdstown, W.Va., and Richmond, Va. 
​ 
One of the displays is currently in The News-Post lobby. 
​ 
The two men have found exploded cannonballs, bayonets, belt buckles, bullets, cannon fuses, butt plates, pieces of oil lanterns and Civil War trunks, parts of a reed pipe and harmonica, melted bullets from fire pits, and a fence post with bullets. 
​ 
They have also recovered drumsticks, forks, knives and teaspoons; pocketknives, an Eagle breast plate; clay pipe; breech plug; buck and ball ammunition and artillery shells. 
​ 
Martz and Barone will display some of their finds Sept. 14-15 during a celebration at the Sharpsburg town square. 
​ 
A Keedysville resident and Civil War re-enactor, Martz has found the most objects in Sharpsburg, he said, but not on battlefields. 
​ 
You can not dig or hunt on State land or battlefield park land.
​ 
Martz and Barone dig on private properties, with permission, 
​ 
The not-for-profit preservation organization lends the displays to schools so that children can learn about the Civil War, Martz said. 
"The lesson is to let them know how bad war is," Martz said. "We also hope there won't be another." 
​ 
Recovered artifacts are documented using five books. 
​ 
Civil War objects are deteriorating rapidly in the ground and will be lost forever unless they are properly preserved, Martz said. 
​ 
The men also work with state and local archaeologists. 
​ 
They use their metal detection equipment to home in on potential finds, then the archaeologists take over with the dig, Martz said. 
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Rapid development and growth today have created an urgent need to preserve our history by recovering pieces of our past, and collecting data that will be useful in telling the history of each archaeological site, Barone said. 
​ 
"We go to great lengths to provide the most accurate history or documentation available for the items we examine," Barone said. 
​ 
Martz found a Rhode Island state seal coat button and through research linked it to the 9th Corps at the Battle of Antietam. "It was a nice button," Martz said. 
​ 
Each item is numbered according to the location it was found, or from whom it was donated. 
​ 
"We believe historically significant artifacts should not be traded or sold randomly without regard to their historic significance," Martz said. 

Clarence Paul Martz stands next to a display case containing artifacts from the Civil War, 
which he recovered from private property with the consent of the owner.

****** History  Story ******
35th Regiment 6th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry 
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Cushing's Battery at Gettysburg July 3rd 1863
Sgt Frederick Fuger


























On the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863, 

Cushing commanded 126 men and six cannons positioned on Cemetery Ridge.

 In the face of Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's Assault, Cushing's battery took a severe pounding by Confederate artillery.

About 1 o'clock PM, the enemy opened upon us with about 150 guns, the Union artillery responded with about 100 guns, 
occupying a front of about one mile of this bombardment, I can only say it was the most terrific cannonade 
I ever witnessed in fact, the most terrible the new world has ever seen, and the most prolonged.
 

The earth shook beneath our feet, and the hills and woods seemed to reel like a drunken man.

For one hour and a half this terrible firing continued, during which time the shrieking of shells, 
the fragments of rocks flying through the air, shattered from stone fences in front of our Battery, 
the splash of bursting shells and ahryapnel made it terrifying.

About 2:30 PM the order "cease firing" was given this was followed by the cessation of the enemy's fire.

In this engagement, all our ammunition was excepting canister.

When our artillery ceased firing, Gen, Alexander Webb came up to where Cushing was standing and said to him "Cushing, 
it is my opinion that the Confederate infantry will now advance and attack our position" 

Cushing said "I had better run my guns right up to the stone fence and bring all my canister alongside each piece.

General Webb replied "all right, do so".

Lt. Cushing ordered me to run the guns by hand to the stone fence, all canister was piled to the rear of position 
#2. guns were positioned near the intersection of two stone walls, now called "The Bloody Angle".

When the enemy was within 400 yards, Battery A opened with single charges of canister.

At that time Cushing was wonded in the shoulder, and within seconds,was wonded in the abdomen, 
a very severe and painful

wound, He called me and told me to stand by him and relay his orders to the battery.

When the enemy got to within 200 yards double and treble charges of canister were used and those charges 
opened immense gaps in the Confederate lines.

When the enmy came within 100 yards of the battery, Lt. Cushing reccived his third and mortal wound.

I took command of the battery and ordered our men to continue firing double and treble  charges of canister, but still the Confederates came on.

Owing to the dense smoke I could not see very far to the front.

I saw GeneralArmisted leap over the stone fence with quire a number of his men ( landing in the mist of our battery )
but my devoted cannoneers and drivers stood their ground,

fighting hand to hand with pistols, sabers, and rammers, and with the arrival of the Philadelphia Brigade, commanded by General Webb, the enmy collapsed and Pickett's charge was defeated.

I was later informed by several of my men, after the action was over, that they had counted over 600 dead Confederates in front of our battery.

Our losses in Battery A were very great.

Out of 90 horses, we lost 83 killed, not a sound wheel was left, 9 ammunition chests were blown up, two officers killed, 
one wounded, 7 enlisted men killed, 38 wounded.

What was left of the battery, with the assistance of other batterys near us, was removed to the rear, about one mile
near the Baltimore Pike."


Sgt Frederick Fuger
CANISTER ARTILLERY SHELL
Baldwin Aaron Lieutenant 6th Ohio Battery

At close quarters 12 pounder Napoleon Cannons are extremely deadly and at Franklin this was the case.

One section (2 guns ) firing through openings in the breast works at the cotton gin and one section farther to the
left fired over 300 rounds mostly canister.

Canister is a thin walled metal can filled with iron balls and at close quarters they would double load them.

At the cotton gin the action was so furious that Baldwin had his men take off their socks, fill them with musket balls
and stuff them in front of the loaded canister for added effect.

The effect of a 12 pounder Napoleon firing double canister into men at ranges under fifty yards is
almost indescribable, Baldwin commented on the sounds of the action.

"At every discharge of the guns there were two sounds - first the boom of the cannon, followed seconds later by the 
crack of splintering bones.