Gettysburg 150th Anniversary Battle of Gettysburg
Frederick duo unearths area's buried Civil War history

By Daniel J. Gross News-Post Staff 

John Barone has found hundreds of Civil War relics buried throughout the region — belt buckles, cannonballs, 

bayonets — but he doesn’t have a single favorite from the decades of digging.
“It’s the one I just unearthed,” he said. “It’s the one I just brush aside when I know I’m going to be the first person 
to see it in the last 150 years.”

A Frederick resident and retired cancer researcher for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick,
Barone has been devoted to finding Civil War artifacts alongside colleague C. Paul Martz since 1997.

The two men do as much as possible to preserve the area’s history and showcase items to spark interest.
Barone’s interest in Civil War relics and preservation began as a child when his neighbor found a 
Revolutionary War bayonet in a stream in New York. 

He began finding items professionally with Martz after the two met and realized they shared the interest.

The two formed the Civil War Artifact Preservation Association to search through private land they conclude
was once home to Civil War battlefields, hospitals, encampments or trails.
Martz, a former janitorial custodian at The Frederick News-Post and Civil War re-enactor, said shovels do not touch ground 
until they’ve acquired written permission from the landowner and agreed to patch every hole they dig.

Buttons, insignia, clasps, pistols and bullets have all been found after hours of searching properties with metal detectors and 
even more hours of researching locations before a dig, Barone said.

“It’s a matter of patience. Think of fishermen. They have an unlimited amount of patience,” 

he said. “Frederick County has a lot of sites. There were battles, troops movements and camps here. Since there’s new 
development coming, there’s a rapid need for this.”

The association will host a display booth with a collection of their findings at the annual living history reenactment 
at Rose Hill Manor Park and Museums in Frederick July 13 and 14 as part of a Civil War commemoration.

John Baron, of the Civil War Artifact Preservation Association, 
holds a Confederate Sharps Carbine, made by S.C. Robinson Arms Manufactory, 
found at Gettysburg in 1973
A twelve pound solid cast iron shot and a smaller 4 pounded from the collection of John Baron, of the Civil War Artifact Preservation Association, both found at Gettysburg. 
New York State militia sword belt plate from the collection of John Baron, of the Civil War Artifact Preservation Association, found at Gettysburg.
The pair is continually seeking artifact donations to add to their collection and preserve history. 

Those interested are asked to call the association at 

Digging Civil War artifacts more than hobby for re-enactor 
Originally published August 17, 2012 
By Ike Wilson 
News-Post Staff 
C. Paul Martz routinely spends entire weekends digging for Civil War artifacts he describes as buried treasure that should be appreciated and preserved. 
Since 1997, Martz, a janitorial custodian at The Frederick News-Post, has devoted his spare time to finding the objects. 
He and colleague John Barone established the Civil War Artifact Preservation Association. 
"Our mission is the recovery of artifacts and to preserve them for years to come, and for the public to see, " Martz said. 
"When I find an artifact, it is very special to me for the simple reason that I found it. It is a piece of history, and once a man like me owned it." 
Martz and Barone have collected enough remnants of the everyday soldier's life and war to fill 14 display cases in museums in Harrisburg, Pa., Shepherdstown, W.Va., and Richmond, Va. 
One of the displays is currently in The News-Post lobby. 
The two men have found exploded cannonballs, bayonets, belt buckles, bullets, cannon fuses, butt plates, pieces of oil lanterns and Civil War trunks, parts of a reed pipe and harmonica, melted bullets from fire pits, and a fence post with bullets. 
They have also recovered drumsticks, forks, knives and teaspoons; pocketknives, an Eagle breast plate; clay pipe; breech plug; buck and ball ammunition and artillery shells. 
Martz and Barone will display some of their finds Sept. 14-15 during a celebration at the Sharpsburg town square. 
A Keedysville resident and Civil War re-enactor, Martz has found the most objects in Sharpsburg, he said, but not on battlefields. 
You can not dig or hunt on State land or battlefield park land.
Martz and Barone dig on private properties, with permission, 
The not-for-profit preservation organization lends the displays to schools so that children can learn about the Civil War, Martz said. 
"The lesson is to let them know how bad war is," Martz said. "We also hope there won't be another." 
Recovered artifacts are documented using five books. 
Civil War objects are deteriorating rapidly in the ground and will be lost forever unless they are properly preserved, Martz said. 
The men also work with state and local archaeologists. 
They use their metal detection equipment to home in on potential finds, then the archaeologists take over with the dig, Martz said. 
Rapid development and growth today have created an urgent need to preserve our history by recovering pieces of our past, and collecting data that will be useful in telling the history of each archaeological site, Barone said. 
"We go to great lengths to provide the most accurate history or documentation available for the items we examine," Barone said. 
Martz found a Rhode Island state seal coat button and through research linked it to the 9th Corps at the Battle of Antietam. "It was a nice button," Martz said. 
Each item is numbered according to the location it was found, or from whom it was donated. 
"We believe historically significant artifacts should not be traded or sold randomly without regard to their historic significance," Martz said. 

Clarence Paul Martz stands next to a display case containing artifacts from the Civil War, 
which he recovered from private property with the consent of the owner.

1862 and Christmas day my thoughts are many miles away, 

As I walk my post in the snow so keep from freezing, I must stamp my feet... 
I think of home all lit so bright... with Christmas cheer...oh what a pleasant sight. 

Quiet different from the snow and cold, and the mud of the river this side we hold, 
at home there's cheer... food... and joy, things missed so much by this soldier boy, 
but here on picket... I must stamp my feet, across the river there moves a shape clad in Grey and Blue... 
a man's form we take so true, a picket from some Southern state, the enemy that we are supposed to hate. 
But who can hate on Christmas day? He too is many miles away... 

from home and friends.. and family so dear.... I call to him... I hope he will hear, 
" Hello Johnny " " What " a poor price to pay, we've drawn picket on Christmas day... 
" Hello Yank " on that you're right.... It’s Christmas day... not a day to fight, 
" What say we call a truce? To kill each other would be no use...
What's to trade real coffee be nice would cut the cold of this and ice.... Good enough Reb... 
so get a trade boat, and across the river some to float...

we'll send some coffee and a little plus, a Christmas meal... to you from us... 
the boat was sent with much joy... there was Virginia Burley to shear with the boys. 
Coffee...Saltmeat...and ... Biscuits... were placed in the boat, and across the river it was sent to float, 
when the small boat reached the Southern shore, the boy's over there let out a roar...." Thank'ee Yank " 
this is more then enough, without this our Christmas would've been quite rough, 
our rations here have been mighty slim... 

and Christmas for us would've been quite grim, but the coffee, and grub, will brighten 
our day ... " Merry Christmas and God Bless " is what my boys say, 
The response from the Reb's brought pride to our boy' giving some strangers their Christmas joy, 
one day in battle, we may meet again, and some of these lives will be there end, 
But Christmas day 1862 will live on in the minds of these Grey and Blue, 
These enemies who for a time stopped a war... 

and made Christmas day mean so much more... 
more then the light's... the food... and the cheer.... 
that most folks at home would hold so dear. 
But the real truth that comes from above, 
that Christmas is truly a time to love… 

Sam Foreback (CSA)
Clarence Paul Martz (US) Copyright 1999 
John Barone 
History  Story 
7th Maryland Reg't Volunteer Infantry 
Home Mission / LinksArtifacts  1Contact UsArtifacts 28th Virginia Infantry 

Battle of Antietam September 17th 1862​

The Bloodiest One Day Battle in American History

The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. 

Lee’s forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. 

The morning attacks by the Union First and Twelfth Corps on the Confederate left flank, and vicious Confederate counterattacks by Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson's brigades swept back and forth through Miller’s Cornfield, across the Hagerstown Turnpike and into the West Woods. 

Later, towards the center of the battlefield, Union Second Corps assaults against the Sunken Road pierced the Confederate center after a terrible struggle but failed to capitalize on their breakthrough there. 

In the afternoon, the third and final major assault by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's Ninth Corps pushed over a bullet-strewn stone bridge at Antietam Creek that now bears his name. 

Just as Burnside's forces began to collapse the Confederate right, the timely arrival of Gen. A.P. Hill’s division from Harpers Ferry helped to drive the Army of the Potomac back once more. 

On the 18th, both sides remained in place, too bloodied to advance. Late that evening and on the 19th, Lee withdrew from the battlefield and slipped back across the Potomac into Virginia. 

The bloodiest single day in American military history ended in a draw, but the Confederate retreat gave President Abraham Lincoln the “victory” he desired before issuing the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation five days later.

Other Names: Sharpsburg 
Location: Washington County 
Campaign: Maryland Campaign (September 1862) 
Date(s): September 16-18, 1862 
Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan [US]; Gen. Robert E. Lee [CS] 

Forces Engaged: Armies 
Estimated Casualties: 23,100 total 

Description: On September 16, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan confronted Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia at Sharpsburg, Maryland. At dawn September 17, 

Hooker’s corps mounted a powerful assault on Lee’s left flank that began the single bloodiest day in American military history. 

Attacks and counterattacks swept across Miller’s cornfield and fighting swirled around the Dunker Church. 

Union assaults against the Sunken Road eventually pierced the Confederate center, but the Federal advantage was not followed up. 

Late in the day, Burnside’s corps finally got into action, crossing the stone bridge over Antietam Creek and rolling up the Confederate right. 

At a crucial moment, A.P. Hill’s division arrived from Harpers Ferry and counterattacked, driving back Burnside and saving the day. 

Although outnumbered two-to-one, Lee committed his entire force, while McClellan sent in less than three-quarters of his army, enabling Lee to fight the Federals to a standstill. 

During the night, both armies consolidated their lines. In spite of crippling casualties, Lee continued to skirmish with McClellan throughout the 18th, while removing his wounded south of the river. 

McClellan did not renew the assaults. 

After dark, Lee ordered the battered Army of Northern Virginia to withdraw across the Potomac into the Shenandoah Valley. 

Result(s): Inconclusive (Union strategic victory.) 

The Battle of Antietam, or Sharpsburg, on September 17, 1862, was the tragic culmination of Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North. 

That one fateful day more than 23,110 men were killed, wounded, or listed as missing. Approximately 4,000 were killed, and in the days that followed, many more died of wounds or disease. 

The peaceful village of Sharpsburg turned into a huge hospital and burial ground extending for miles in all directions.
 May it stand as it did in war – as a beacon to guide men searching their way through the darkness. 

May it stand throughout all ages as a symbol of mercy, peace, and understanding."

Maryland Governor Millard Tawes, Church Rededication Service, September 2, 1962

The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest one-day battle in American History. 

Yet ironically one of the most noted landmarks on this field of combat is a house of worship associated with peace and love. 

This historic church was built by local German Baptist Brethren in 1852 on land donated by local farmer Samuel Mumma. 

The name "Dunker" comes from their practice of full immersion baptism. 

During its early history the congregation consisted of about a half-dozen farm families from the local area. 

Although heavily damaged during the battle by rifle and artillery fire, the church survived, only to be blown down by a windstorm. 

This farm lane served as a breastwork for the Con­federate center. 

For about three hours 2,200 Confederates,

later reinforced by ad­ditional troops, held off the attacks of a combined Union force numbering nearly 10,000. 

Finally, just after noon, this thin gray line collapsed and fell back several hundred yards to the Piper Farm. 

The Union attackers had suffered too many casualties to pursue their advantage. 

Seeing the dead in the road an observer wrote, 

"They were lying in rows like the ties of a rail­road, in heaps like cordwood mingled with the splintered and shattered fence rails. Words are inadequate to portray the scene."

A Simple Farm Lane Changed Forever.
During the early hours of the battle, Col. John Brown Gordon promised Robert E. Lee: 

"These men are going to stay here, General, till the sun goes down or victory is won."

When the Federal attacks shifted south at approximately 9:30 a.m., the Confederates held their fire until the last possible second. 

Then, as Gordon remembered, "My rifles flamed and roared in the Federals' faces like a blinding blaze of lightning…the entire line, with few exceptions, went down in the consuming blast."

For more than three hours thousands of men blazed away at each other at point-blank range. 

Eventually the overwhelming Union numbers and confusion in the Confederate ranks forced the defenders back. 

When the fighting subsided, 5,500 soldiers lay dead or wounded on the field and in the road. 

That number included Col. Gordon, who had been hit five different times. 

After the deadly struggle for this sunken road, soldiers who fought here described it as the "road of death" and a "ghastly flooring." 

From that day forward, the road has been known as Bloody Lane.

"Heaps Upon Heaps Were There in Death's Embrace"

"The Advance Was Made With the Utmost Enthusiasm" Gen. Jacob Cox, Union Ninth Corps

After finally driving the Confederates from the bluffs overlooking the Lower Bridge, 

close to 10,000 Federal troops crossed Antietam Creek and formed for the final push to drive the Confederate army back. 

At approximately 3:00 p.m., a mile-wide battle line of Union soldiers swept forward across the extremely
rugged terrain. 

About 2,500 Confederate soldiers and forty cannon awaited their advance. 

Burnside's men moved through a withering fire of artillery and infantry, surging to the Southern line on the high ridge south of Sharpsburg. 

At about 4:00 p.m., the last of Lee's Confederate reinforcements arrived on the field. 

Although exhausted and footsore after marching seventeen miles from Harpers Ferry, Gen. A.P. Hill's Confederate soldiers slammed into the exposed Union left flank and drove them back. 

As darkness fell, the battlefield finally grew quiet. 

One soldier in the Ninth Corps remembered:

"The conflict died away, the enemy also had got all the fighting they wanted for the day. 

It had been an afternoon in the valley of death."

"Before it was entirely dark the 100,000 men that had been threatening our destruction for twelve hours had melted away"
Gen. James Longstreet, Army of Northern Virginia